Sarees are one of the most famous Indian fashion statements which are still widely used by many Indian women. The different types of sarees are differentiated by their fabric. Sarees in India are considered one of the most common yet classic outfits which are worn by women of all ages from great women leaders to housewives.
Sarees are mostly considered as a traditional outfit nowadays. And one of the most famous traditional attire is a silk saree. The history of silk clothing dates back to the Vedic era. First silk clothes are made from gold.
And gradually weavers started using threads made from gold to make the silk fabric. Some of the oldest and famous silk saree types in India are Kanchipuram and Banarasi silk sarees. These silk sarees are mostly worn at festivals, weddings, and on cultural occasions.
Types of silk sarees in India
The different weaving techniques and kinds of silk threads produce various types of silk sarees. Given below are the different types of silk sarees weaved in India.
Assam silk sarees
Derived from wild silk, Assam silk sarees are completely handwoven and light in weight. There are three types of Assam silk sarees.
- Muga silk saree
- Paat / pat silk saree
- Eri silk saree
Art silk sarees
These are the silk sarees produced from artificial silk and are low in cost.
Banarasi silk saree
One of the oldest, richest, and classic silk sarees of India are the Banarasi silk sarees. It consists of intricate gold, foil, and brocade work all over the saree, and most brides choose this type of saree to wear for their wedding.
Tussar silk saree
Also called the Bhagalpuri silk saree, tussar silk is one of the cheapest silk sarees in India.
Banglori silk saree
Found in the southern part of Bangalore, it is usually woven in dark hues of colors.
Chanderi silk saree
Chanderi silk sarees are completely handwoven and look transparent with gold motifs all over the saree.
Kanchipuram silk saree
It is one of the most royal and wealthily considered silk saree by the weavers. It’s woven from pure mulberry silk. It is the bride’s first option in southern parts of India.
Konrad silk saree
Originating from Tamil Nadu, Konrad silk sarees are famous for their 10 to 14inch wide border work. It is also called temple sarees.
Kota silk saree
It is easy to handle and lightweight fabric which is widely used for silk sarees and also for salwar and lehengas.
Mysore silk saree
Originated in Mysore Karnataka which is in the southern part of India, it is considered the purest form of silk which is silky and smooth.
Some other famous types of silk sarees are:
- Baluchari silk saree
- Bomkai silk saree
- Dharmavaram silk saree
- Gadwal silk saree
- Korial silk saree
- Matka silk saree
- Narayanpet silk saree
- Organza silk saree
- Patola silk saree
- Paithani silk saree
- Pochampalli silk saree
- Raw silk saree
Banarasi vs kanchipuram silk saree
Silk is one of the most cherished fabrics in India which has a deep connection with Mughal and Persian culture. The techniques used for weaving and the designs make these two silk sarees stand out and it is Banarasi silk sarees and Kanchipuram / Kanjeeram silk sarees.
Banarasi silk sarees
Originated from Varanasi, In ancient days, Banarasi sarees were woven from real gold and silver threads which take six months to a year to completely weave it. The craftsmanship of Banarasi was bought by Mughals to India.
It is still one of the most famous silk sarees in India that is famous for its gold and silver brocade work also known as Zari work. It is often designed with intricate floral designs, strings, and leaf motifs. It takes about 15 days to 6 months to create a Banarasi silk saree.
Types of Banarasi silk
- Kora banarsi silk saree
- Pashmina banarasi silk saree
- Traditional Banarasi silk saree
- Tanchoi Banarasi silk saree
- Jamdani banarasi silk saree
- Jangla banarasi silk saree
- Butidar banarasi silk saree
Kanchipuram silk saree
Kanchipuram silk is purely woven from mulberry silk. The border and pallu of the saree is a contrast in color from the body of the saree. Kanchipuram sarees are originated from a village called Kanchipuram which is located in Tamil Nadu. This silk saree is also called Kanjeevaram silk sarees.
The saree and the pallu are woven separately and then attached. The designs on the saree are usually temple borders, checkered boxes, floral designs, and traditional designs. And these patterns are mostly inspired by the ancient sculptures found in south Indian temples.
To this dau, Kanchipuram sarees are the favorite of south Indian brides and is considered to be the pure and royal form of silk.